Bougainvillea bonsai - fast growing, abundant blooms, love heat, tolerate cool, easy to care for, alternate leaves! What more could you ask from a tropical flowering bonsai tree?
There are many varieties of this plant - shrubs, vines and even small trees.
They each have different growth patterns.
Although most are armed with spines, some are less hazardous than others.
When pruning bonsai Bougainvillea be cautious!
Thorns can be an inch long or barely noticeable.
To create a bonsai Bougainvillea, it is not unusual to remove many of the original thick branches and restructure the design from new growth.
Let it sprout new branches, eliminating any new buds not necessary to the desired shape.
The new growth is fast growing, easily shaped with wire and becomes woody very quickly.
Watch that the bonsai wire does not cut in.
Keep in mind, very young branches snap off easily at the point where they come off the trunk. Pay special attention to this when wiring.
The Bougainvillea bonsai shown here was created by Robert Yarbrough, Tampa, FL.
Old bougainvillea trees sometimes have hollow trunks which add to the character of the tree. These cavities must be maintained. The soft wood deteriorates quickly.
Clean out any rotted, soft or pulpy areas. Protect the exposed wood with wood hardener.
“Pixie” or “Hawaiian Torch”
Bougainvillea glabra 'pink pixie' has harder wood than most varieties and is much less susceptible to rot.
This variety is a good one to start with a skeleton and build upon it.
I started this bonsai from a nursery plant by removing all except the first branch.
The nature of the 'Pixie' branches is to grow straight up. New branches should be wired as soon as possible to set them in the right direction.
Creating a Bougainvillea bonsai with this variety will take some patience. The results are worth it.
Because Bougainvillea is a popular tropical plant in
general, many nurseries and garden centers carry them. Many bonsai
shops also have 'bougies' (a common nickname) on their availability
list. It is one of the most popular tropical flowering bonsai.
As with any species, not every plant of that species makes a good bonsai.
Be cautious of very straight trunks with no nabari and too many heavy branches when purchasing bonsai or pre-bonsai.
With a little patience and discretion you can find a 'bougie' with good potential.
Enrique Castano's bonsai above
Bougainvillea glabra by Erik Wigert (Florida, USA)
When grown in the landscape of warm climates, full sun and fast draining, rocky soil suit this plant. Especially during the first stages of bonsai training, full sun keeps the growth compact.
If you've ever killed one of these tropical bonsai, too much water (and or poor soil) was more than likely the problem. Excess water can cause yellowing, leaf-drop and root rot. Improper soil (not fast draining) is often the source of difficulties.
Read about the dangerous pathogen often associated with this plant.
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