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What is Yamadori Bonsai?

Yamadori bonsai describes just one of many ways to begin creating bonsai trees.


The word itself, literally translated from Japanese, means "collecting plants in the mountains."

The actual origin of bonsai most likely began with yamadori.

Trees in many non-mountainous areas around the world are also viable bonsai subjects.

More liberal translations, such as “collecting trees from the wild,” are more appropriate for today.

Why Yamadori Bonsai?

Have you ever wondered how some people seemed to have the oldest and most beautiful bonsai? The answer is -- they let nature do the early work.

Yamadori bonsai are grown in the wild for many years, in some cases more than a century, before they become bonsai trees.

yamadori bonsai, collecting plants, bald cypress

Mountains aren't the only place to find such treasures.

Flat lands such as the Florida Everglades are prone to ocean winds and hurricane damage. 

Bald Cypress shown here are near the Everglades (not in the park.)

Be sure you are not in a park or preserve, the fines can be steep !

Also know the trees you are collecting are not endangered or protected.

Desert areas may also provide unique trees that have been through years of drought and drastic temperature changes.

Mountainous regions expose trees to some of the harshest weather conditions, which in turn creates many potential bonsai trees.

Elements such as wind and snow can create twists, turns, dead branches and overall a somewhat tortured look.

Another advantage of collecting trees is no two are alike...

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yamadori bonsai, collecting plants
yamadori bonsai, collecting plants

Walter Pall (Germany) is shown here with before and after pictures of a Rocky Mountain Juniper.

The base of the tree is more than 12" (30cm) wide.

Photos used with permission.

In addition to collecting trees, getting them to live and eventually have them look like this takes hard work, knowledge and, as you can see in this yamadori bonsai, talent.

Getting the tree out of the ground and making it survive is only the beginning.



Collecting Trips

yamadori bonsai, collecting plants

Whether you plan to collect in the mountains such as Italian bonsai artist Mauro Stemberger shown here, or on the flat lands of deserts or swamps, educate yourself first.

Your first bonsai collecting experience should be with someone who knows where they can safely find trees, what to take with them and how to keep you and the trees alive. 

Get permission.  Tools such as shovels, branch lopers and saws are important.

Materials and water to protect the roots are vital. Proper clothes, shoes and water for yourself are also essential.

Let someone at home know where you will be.  Remember, cell phones are not always dependable in remote areas.

Once you get to a collecting area, do not dig the first tree you see. There will be more, and most likely better.

Searching for the perfect bonsai is part of the adventure.

After removing plants, don’t forget to fill in the holes!

Yamadori bonsai, Sen Ru buttonwood bonsai, bonsai, yamadori

This Florida buttonwood (Conocarpus erectus) yamadori bonsai was collected by Mary Madison, known to many as the "buttonwood queen."


NOTE: When you purchase a collected tree, be sure it is well established and has been in its current container for at least a year (preferably two.)


Where to Go from Here

Not all collected plants for bonsai are from the wild. There is a recently coined phrase that describes plants collected from yards, parking lots and even trash heaps. See the Urban Yamadori bonsai page.

Here's a Florida bonsai collecting experience story, you may enjoy.

More Types of Bonsai Trees




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